Best Foundation

Religious

Although many researchers have brought evidence for a positive role that religion plays in health, others have shown that religious practices and experiences may be linked to mental illnesses of various kind (mood disorderspersonality disorderspsychiatric disorders). In 2011, a team of psychiatristsbehavioral psychologistsneurologists and neuropsychiatristsfrom the Harvard Medical School published a research which suggested the development of a new diagnostic category of psychiatric disorders related to religious delusion and hyperreligiosity.[23]

They compared the thought and behavior of the most important figures in the Bible (AbrahamMosesJesus Christ and Paul)[23] with patients affected by mental disorders related to the psychotic spectrum using different clusters of disorders and diagnostic criteria (DSM-IV-TR),[23] and concluded that these Biblical figures ~~may have had psychotic symptoms that contributed inspiration for their revelations~~,[23] such as schizophreniaschizoaffective disordermanic depressiondelusional disorderdelusions of grandeurauditory-visual hallucinationsparanoiaGeschwind syndrome (Paul especially) and abnormal experiences associated with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE).[23]

In 1998–2000 Pole Leszek Nowak (born 1962)[24] from Poznań authored a study in which, based on his own history of religious delusions of mission and overvalued ideas, and information communicated in the Gospels, made an attempt at reconstructing Jesus′ psyche[25] with the view of Jesus as apocalyptic prophet.[26] He does so in chapters containing, in sequence, an analysis of character traits of the ″savior of mankind″, a description of the possible course of events from the period of Jesus^^ public activity, a naturalistic explanation of miracles.